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Liner Notes › Who's Left - Studio


Roger Daltrey Vocals 
John Entwistle Bass Guitar and Vocals [and Horns] 
Keith Moon Drums [and Vocals]
Pete Townshend Guitar and Vocals

Liner notes by Brian Cady 

Photo: Chris Morphet


Courtesy: White Fang's Who Site

Circles (second version) 3:12 
(Pete Townshend) Devon Music, Inc. (BMI) 
Recorded on or around 12 Feb. 1966, probably at Olympic Sound Studios.
Produced by Pete Townshend.


Pete: "We did two versions of 'Circles,' which were both identical because they were both copies of my demo. Shel [Talmy] put in a High Court injunction, saying there was copyright in the recording. In other words, if you're a record producer and you produce a song with a group, and you make a creative contribution, then you own that sound....He took it to the high-court judge and he said things like 'And then on bar thirty-six I suggested to the lead guitarist that he play a diminuendo, forget the adagio, and play thirty-six bars modulating to the key of E flat,' which was all total bullshit -- he used to fall asleep at the desk."

"Circles" was planned for the A-side of the follow-up single to "My Generation" and had been recorded for that purpose with producer Shel Talmy 12-13 Jan. 1966. The Who then secretly jumped ship from Talmy, who had them bound under contract, and recorded "Circles" again for the B-side of their actual follow-up single "Substitute." This version differs from the Talmy production most noticeably for having less reverb on the vocals, Pete's "yeah" following the line "I'm walking right back again/Back to you" and some guitar runs during the instrumental break.


This version of "Circles" was first released in the U.K. 4 March 1966 as both "Circles" and "Instant Party" on Reaction 591001. On 8 March, Talmy was given his injunction against further sales. Reaction re-issued the single 15 March with The Graham Bond Organization (as "The Who Orchestra") instrumental "Waltz For A Pig" on the b-side in place of "Circles." The injunction was lifted 25 March and further copies of "Substitute" with the "Circles" or "Instant Party" b-side were sold. The recording again appeared at the end of side one of the EP Ready Steady Who issued 11 Nov. 1966 and it was also used by Polydor outside the U.K. as the common B-side to "Dogs.". "Circles" was not used on either the 1966 or 1967 single issues of "Substitute" in the U.S. and wasn't released there until the Two's Missing LP/CD in 1987. The only other CD containing the recording is Polydor's Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 1 & Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 2 issued outside the U.S. in 1991. Both CD's are currently out of print.



Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

(John Entwistle) Gowmonk, Inc. (BMI)

Recorded at IBC Studio, London 5 Jan. 1968 with overdubs recorded 14 Jan.

Produced by Kit Lambert


John: "Jekyll and Hyde was written about Keith Moon. The potion was vodka. I drew a comic strip about it, you know, kindly Dr. Moon changes to Mr. Hyde, and wrote the song afterwards...the idea for me to write 'Silas Stingy' and 'Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde,' they were all meant to go on a kids’ rock album. Young kids love 'Boris the Spider' and a lot of the other songs I'd written. So we were gonna release a children’s album with all these snakes and spiders and creepy things. So they all ended up being used for B-sides on albums that came afterwards. And I just got this black image but the song was written for a children’s album, a project that Kit Lambert thought of..."


Pete would later write his own Moon-inspired song on the same theme, "Dr. Jimmy," for Quadrophenia. This track came out in two different mixes and lengths. The first, running 2:24, was released as the B-side of "Call Me Lightning" worldwide except for the U.K. In the U.S. it was Decca 32288 and first appeared on the charts March 2, 1968. It was subsequently used on the Decca album Magic Bus - The Who On Tour and the only CD with this mix is the 1988 issue of that album that is still available as a Canadian import.


The second, running 2:38, with "Hyde noises" and extra spooky guitar much more prominent in the the mix, was first issued in the U.K. as the B-side of "Magic Bus" 11 Oct. 1968. The only CD issue was on  Polydor's Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 1 & Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 2. This CD is out of print.



Courtesy: White Fang's Who Site

Here For More

(Roger Daltrey) Gowmonk, Inc. (BMI)

Recorded at IBC Studio B, London 10 Feb. 1970

Produced by Pete Townshend

Engineered by Damon Lyon-Shaw


The second of Roger's solo written songs to make it into The Who's catalog first appeared as the B-side of "The Seeker" released 20 March 1970. It was also the first released track of the new country & western-type recordings that would become part of The Who's 1970-1971 sound (cf; "I Don't Even Know Myself," "Now I'm A Farmer," "Let's See Action"). It was released on CD on Polydor's Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 1 & Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 2 and MCA's Who's Missing. The latter is still available as a Canadian import. To date, there has been only one live performance of this song and that has been by Pete Townshend who performed it on the Rachel Fuller webcast In The Attic 30 May 2006.



When I Was A Boy

(John Entwistle) Gowmonk, Inc. (BMI)

Recorded at Olympic Sound Studios, Barnes, U.K. 7 June 1971

Produced by Glyn Johns


Originally called "Time Waits For No One" and released as the B-side of "Let's See Action" released 15 Oct. 1971. The song's performance and depressing theme bears a strong resemblance to John's then-recent solo album Smash Your Head Against The Wall. It was released on CD on Polydor's Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 1 & Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 2 and MCA's Who's Missing. The latter is still available as a Canadian import.



Wasp Man

(Keith Moon) Gowmonk, Inc. (BMI)

Recorded at Olympic Sound Studios, Barnes, U.K. 7 Aug. 1972

Produced by Glyn Johns


The origin of this track comes from a late-1960's incident aboard one of The Who's many horrible plane flights. During some white-knuckle turbulence, Moon and a groupie escaped to the bathroom. Shortly after, Moon burst forth with the groupie's bra wrapped over his head and announced, "I'll save you! I'm Wasp Man!" In addition to writing this song, Moon also bought a wasp costume and wore it whenever the mood struck him.

"Wasp Man" was the b-side of "Relay" released 25 Nov. 1972. CD releases were on Polydor's Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 1 & Rarities 1966-1972 Vol. 2 and MCA's Two's Missing. Both are out of print.



Bernie's Holiday Camp (3:43)

(Pete Townshend) ABKCO Music Inc., Careers BMG Music Publishing, Suolubaf Music, Towser Tunes, Inc. (BMI)

Vocals: Ann-Margret, Oliver Reed, Alison Dowling (recorded March 1974)

Saxophones: Geoff Daley, Bob Efford, Ronnie Ross (overdub recorded 5 May 1974)


Fiddle About (1:40)

(John Entwistle) Gowmonk, Inc. (BMI)

Vocal: Keith Moon


Sparks (3:05)

(Pete Townshend) ABKCO Music Inc., Careers BMG Music Publishing, Suolubaf Music, Towser Tunes, Inc. (BMI)


Champagne (4:42)

(Pete Townshend) ABKCO Music Inc., Careers BMG Music Publishing, Suolubaf Music, Towser Tunes, Inc. (BMI)

Vocal: Ann-Margret (recorded March 1974)



Listening To You/See Me, Feel Me (3:31)

(Pete Townshend) ABKCO Music Inc., Careers BMG Music Publishing, Suolubaf Music, Towser Tunes, Inc. (BMI)

Vocal: Roger Daltrey and chorus. Chorus containing group The Breakaways recorded March 1974.


Recorded at Ramport Studios, Battersea, London, Jan. - Mar. 1974.

Produced by Pete Townshend and Ken Russell.

Chief Engineer: Ron Nevison


The above five tracks were recorded for the soundtrack to Tommy: The Movie and were listed on the soundtrack as being by "The Who." Apparently "The Who" was considered to be anything with Pete on guitar, John on bass and Keith on drums. Keith was unavailable for the rest of the soundtrack as he was busy playing a role in the sequel to the movie That'll Be The Day (1973), Stardust (1975). His place was taken by the drummer for The Faces, Kenney Jones, who got along splendidly with Pete and John, thus laying the groundwork for his being chosen as Keith's replacement three and a half years later. The soundtrack was released in the U.S. Feb. 22, 1975 where it went to #2 in the Billboard charts, two positions higher than The Who's original album. In the U.K., where it was released 21 March 1975, the soundtrack stalled at #21. The soundtrack was issued on CD as part of the re-issue program March 5, 2001 and is still in print.



Get Out And Stay Out (2:28)

(Pete Townshend) Songs of Windswept Pacific; Towser Tunes, Inc. (BMI)

Drums: Kenney Jones


Four Faces (3:21)

(Pete Townshend)  Songs of Windswept Pacific; Towser Tunes, Inc. (BMI)

Drums: Keith Moon (recorded 1973)


Joker James (3:14)

(Pete Townshend)   Songs of Windswept Pacific; Towser Tunes, Inc. (BMI)

Drums: Kenney Jones


All three of the above songs were recorded whole or in part at Ramport Studios, Battersea, London, Jan. 1979.

Produced by John Entwistle

Engineer: Dave "Cy" Langston


Pete: "'Joker James' was the first song I wrote for Quad. In other words, I took that song as the basis for the image of the kid -- the way he saw himself -- as this kind of reasonable joker whose life doesn't come off but, in fact, on the outside he didn't appear that way at all and he was very far from being a joker. In fact, I kept the song in right the way up to the point where the band went into the studio and then suddenly Quad took on a different turn. As soon as the band started laying down backing tracks at Battersea, it didn't feel like the Quad that I thought was going to come out. It was much heavier, much more brutal, and so I dropped it. I dropped about three other numbers that were quite alike, that one, 'Get Out And Stay Out' and ['Four Faces']. That's the track that was originally called 'Quadrophenia' was called 'Four Hang-Ups' -- that was written on the box but 'Four Faces' has always been what I called it."


The lyrics for "Joker James" were originally published in the Sept. 1968 issue of Eye magazine. In the 23 Sept. 1972 issue of Record Mirror, Pete claimed he wrote it "at the same time as 'I'm A Boy.'" The "disco" version of "The Real Me," misidentified as "Kenney Jones audition session" on the 30 Years of Maximum R&B boxset, was recorded during the same sessions. This was, however, the first recordings made with Kenney after he had replaced Keith Moon. Quadrophenia/Original Soundtrack was released on Polydor Records worldwide Oct. 5, 1979. It was issued on CD as part of the re-issue program March 5, 2001 and is still in print.




Dig (3:59)

(Pete Townshend) Songs of Windswept Pacific; Towser Tunes, Inc. (BMI)

Produced by Pete Townshend


Pete: "I really wanted Roger on the record. 'Dig' had a synthesizer bass on it. Once Roger was on there, something seemed to be missing and I figured it was really live bass, and I asked John if he minded doing it, and he agreed to do wasn't quite the old magic, but there certainly was a chemistry there."


Fire (3:59)

(Arthur Wilton Brown, Vincent Rodney Chessman, Michael Ivor Finesilver, Andrew Peter Ker-Robert) Gowmonk, Inc. (BMI)

Produced and arranged by Peter Wolf [Not the J. Geils Band vocalist. This Austrian-born musician and producer is best known as Frank Zappa's keyboardist 1978-1983.]


Pete: "When I first put the collection together, there seemed to be a hole in the fire scene. I said to my manager that the trouble with fire songs is that it's all been said...I said the best song is just 'Fire, fire, fire, fire/You're going to burn.' And Bill [Curbishley] said what a great idea. I said, 'No, I didn't mean the actual song.' But I sat down and thought that it wouldn't hurt."


Recorded at Eel Pie Studios, London. The most likely recording date for Roger and John's part on "Dig" and the entirety of "Fire" is early 1989.

Acoustic ("Dig") and Electric ("Fire") guitar: Pete Townshend

Bass: John Entwistle

Vocal: Roger Daltrey

Drums: Simon Phillips

Brass ("Dig"): Pete Beachill, John Barclay


The Iron Man was a musical written by Pete based on British poet laureate Ted Hughes' children's book The Iron Man (Faber & Faber, 1968). The fact that Pete was also working for the book's publishers during the 1980's probably had something to do with the genesis of the musical. The project began Nov. 1986 with a meeting between Pete and Ted Hughes. "Dig" was demo'ed exactly a year later, then was recorded with Pete's brother Simon Townshend on lead vocal. Both the demo and the Simon recording have been released. The song describes the villagers' plan to dig a pit to capture the gigantic Iron Man of the title but also neatly touches on one of the main themes of Pete's 1980's work, the fear of world war (cf:, It's Hard).


"Fire" was originally a hit for The Crazy World of Arthur Brown, released 14 June 1968 and reaching #1 in the U.K. charts (#2 in the U.S. Billboard charts). Pete discovered Arthur Brown when Arthur performed at the Fourteen Hour Technicolour Dream at Alexandra Palace in London 29 Apr. 1967 and signed him to Track Records. He received an "associate producer" credit on "Fire" although it was actually produced by Who manager Kit Lambert. In the musical the song is about a trial by fire between the Iron Man and a gigantic Space Dragon.


Although not yet confirmed, it appears that there were no plans by Pete to have Roger or John participate in The Iron Man as of late 1988. The timeline suggests that Pete may have brought them in to the project around the same time he decided to participate in the 1989 25th Anniversary Who tour. The Iron Man LP and CD was released July 15, 1989 on Atlantic Records and peaked at #58 on the U.S. Billboard charts. It failed to chart in the U.K.



Real Good Looking Boy (5:41)

(Pete Townshend, Luigi Creatore, Hugo E. Peretti, George David Weiss)  Eel Pie Publishing, Ltd., Careers BMG Music Publishing, Towser Tunes, Inc. (BMI)

Produced by Simon Townshend at Eel Pie Oceanic Studios, London c. Nov. 2003.

Engineer: Bob Pridden and Myles Clarke

Guitars, backing vocals: Pete Townshend

Vocal: Roger Daltrey

Bass: Greg Lake

Drums: Zak Starkey

Piano: John Bundrick

Additional guitars and keyboards: Simon Townshend


Pete: "REAL GOOD LOOKING BOY is a song I wrote quite a few years ago about two young men who worry about their looks. One of them, based on me - hopes and believes he might look like his best friend who is a conventionally handsome fellow. (He is disavowed of this notion by his mother). The second, based on Roger - hopes and believes he will one day turn out to be like the young Elvis. (He, more happily, sees part of his dream come true). They both find love in later life."


"Real Good Looking Boy" was written in 1995 and The Who with John Entwistle may have attempted a preliminary version of the song 14 June 2002. Pete mentioned on his website that the recording was "finished" 13 Nov. 2003. Greg Lake, formerly of Emerson, Lake and Palmer, stepped in to play bass during a time when Pino Palladino was absent touring with Simon and Garfunkel. The additional writer credits are due to the inclusion of part of the Elvis Presley hit "Can't Help Falling In Love (With You)." The song was itself a re-write of a French hit, "Plaisir d'amour" by Jean Paul Egide Martini and was adapted by the three people after Townshend above for the Elvis movie Blue Hawaii (1961). Although previously unlisted as related to the piece, this song was included in the 2007 theatrical workshop version of The Boy Who Heard Music, sung by Gabriel, John and Ray High. (See Endless Wire liner notes).


Old Red Wine (3:42)

(Pete Townshend)  Eel Pie Publishing, Ltd., Careers BMG Music Publishing (BMI)

Produced by Simon Townshend at Eel Pie Oceanic Studios, London c. Early 2004.

Engineer: Bob Pridden and Myles Clarke

Guitars, piano, backing vocals: Pete Townshend

Vocal: Roger Daltrey

Bass: Pino Palladino

Drums: Zak Starkey

Hammond organ and additional piano: John Bundrick


Pete: "OLD RED WINE I wrote right here in the hotel I now sit in (in NY) about the late John Entwistle. He loved expensive claret, and often drank it past its prime. There is an irony there somehow: John never seemed to realize how perfectly MATURE he had really become as rock musician. He didn't need the trappings he thought essential, and that - in my opinion - led directly to his premature death."


Both the above songs had their live premiere at The Forum in London 23 March 2004 (A preliminary version of "Old Red Wine" was played in Toronto Sept. 28, 2002). Both tracks were first released on the Who best-of collection Then and Now! 1964-2004 on Geffen March 30, 2004 and afterwards as a single on Polydor as part of The 1st Singles Box collection released 2 May 2004.


If you want to contact me about something on this page, click on my name. I want corrections! Brian Cady

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